Uneven skin pigmentation is also called as Hyperpigmentation is a common skin complaint. It causes dark spots that are known as age spots or sunspots. These spots appear on the face, hands, or other parts of the body regularly exposed to the sun. There might be several reasons for hyperpigmentations.
Here is the complete description of causes and treatments of dark spots corner of the mouth and complete description of How to Get Rid of Sunken Eyes and some effective home remedies.
Significant Causes of Hyperpigmentation
Keep into consideration, one of the primary causes of hyperpigmentation is by an increase in melanin. Melanin is known as the natural pigment that gives color to skin, hair, and eyes.
However, several factors trigger an increase in melanin production, such as sun exposure, hormonal influences, age, skin injuries, inflammation, and many more.
Sunlight triggers melanin production. It is considered one of the significant causes of hyperpigmentation. Moreover, sun exposure is the number one cause of hyperpigmentation.
The sunlight triggers the production of melanin in the first place that acts the skin’s natural sunscreen by protecting the body from harmful UV rays. It is the reason for which is why people tan in the sun. On the other hand, excessive sun exposure disrupts this process and leads to hyperpigmentation.
Hormonal influences are another leading cause of particular hyperpigmentation called chloasma and melasma. The reason is particularly common among women because it thought to occur when estrogen and progesterone stimulate the overproduction of melanin.
Furthermore, hyperpigmentation can also be a side effect of any specific hormone treatment.
As skin ages, melanin-producing cells decrease in number. However, the remaining one cells increase in size, and the distribution also becomes more focused. All of these physiological changes directly indicate the increase of age spots in those over 40.
Skin Injuries and Inflammation
Hyperpigmentation also occurs after a skin injury or inflammation such as cuts, chemical exposure, burns, acne, psoriasis, and Atrophic dermatitis. The skin is left darkened or discolored after the wound has healed.
Diseases and Medication
Certain medications are known to cause hyperpigmentation. However, it can also be symptomatic of certain illnesses such as autoimmune and gastrointestinal diseases, metabolic disorders, and vitamin deficiencies.
Hyperpigmentation also be triggered by certain medications like chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics, antimalarials, and anti-seizure drugs. These dark spots on the corner of your mouth look bad and also cause an inferiority complex.
Some severe cases of hyperpigmentation are hemochromatosis and Addison’s diseases. Keep in mind that Addison’s disease directly affects the adrenal glands. Furthermore, it can also cause hyperpigmentation in some regions of the body, such as:
- Inside of the cheek
- Elbows and knees
- Folds of skin
Addison’s disease includes:
- Weak muscles
- Weight loss
- Stomach pain
Symptoms of hemochromatosis are:
- Stomach pain
- Joint pain
- Weight loss
How Can You Get Rid of Hyperpigmentation Around the Mouth?
Several medical and herbal treatments are available to get rid of skin pigmentation. Below is the brief description of some popular ways:
If you choose to exfoliate the area around the mouth regularly with a gentle exfoliator, it will remove dead cells. It is fascinating to know that exfoliation helps to lighten the skin. You can also opt for a chemical exfoliant because it will not scrape the skin, which may worsen the condition.
OTC Skin-Brightening Creams
Skin brightening creams are also useful for reducing the dark area around the mouth. You can also go for ingredients such as glabridin, azelaic acid, kojic acid, vitamin C, arbutin, grape seed extract, curcumin, or niacinamide.
These ingredients are responsible for blocking the production of tyrosinase that is crucial for the skin to make melanin. You can apply as directed on the pack.
Laser treatments are one of the effective ways of getting rid of dark areas around the mouth. Although the treatment is not permanent, it lightens the skin. Results directly depend on your sun exposure genes and daily skincare routine.
The particular treatment of laser treatment is used to treat pigmentation. It is a topical, microscopic laser, promotes elastin along with collagen regeneration. The procedure is effective in reducing dark spots and resurfacing the skin tone.
Medically Prescribed Ointments
If you feel that other treatments have not worked, there is a need to consult a dermatologist. You will be prescribed by an ointment containing hydroquinone. It is a drug that restricts the cells that make the pigment and also slow down tyrosinase production.
Tyrosine production makes the dark spots fade faster.
Along with other treatments, the dermatologist also uses salicylic acid and glycolic acid peel to treat skin pigmentation around your mouth. Acid peels do not offer a permanent solution, and the pigmentation can also return.
Furthermore, these peels also penetrate deep into the skin to repair the damaged cells. However, post-treatment precautions such as staying out of the sun, applying sunscreen, or protecting your skin can makes effect of the peels last longer.
Natural Remedies To Get Rid of Pigmentation Around Mouth
There are also effective natural remedies to treat the dark skin around your mouth. Several of these natural ingredients are found in your kitchen. Unless you have any kind of allergy to any of these ingredients, you can quickly try using them to get rid of the pigmentation around the mouth.
Green tea is responsible for improving hyperpigmentation. According to recent scientific studies, green tea is beneficial for its potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
Green tea extracts improve melasma and also reduces sunburn. However, more research is needed before scientists fully understand whether or not green tea can improve symptoms.
You can quickly make a face pack with oatmeal, tomato pulp, and olive oil. Apply your skin directly and rub it gently in a circular motion. Oatmeal scrub will brighten your skin and plays an essential role in lightening the area around the lips.
We all know that lemon juice is an excellent remedy to lighten the skin. The citric acid in lemons is responsible for lightens all the dark areas of the skin and prevents its recurrence.
The best way is to mix a bit of honey into lemon juice and apply it directly around the dark skin. You can leave overnight and rinse off with cold water the next morning.
If you want to eliminate all the dark patches around the mouth, massage half a raw potato on your pigmented areas in a circular motion for 20 minutes. Keep in mind; potatoes have bleaching qualities. Furthermore, the treatment is ideal for those with sensitive skin.
Papaya is loaded with vitamins A and C. it is one of the best ingredients that can be used to reduce all the dark patches around the mouth. Take a few slices of raw papaya and blend it with rose water. Apply the mixture of papaya as a mask and leave on for half an hour. Rinse your face off gently with cold water.
Aloe vera plays an essential role in lightening the skin around the mouth. It can be taken in every form. However, in capsule form, it also helps women who have melasma.