Firstly, Acne is a skin condition when the Hair Follicles become plugged with oil or dead skin cells. It causes whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples that usually appear on the different parts of the skin. Some of the most common places or Acne are
- Upper back
Keep into consideration, Acne is considered as one of the most common skin issues common among teenagers. However, it affects people of all ages.In this era of technology, modern treatments are available, but Acne can be persistent. The pimples heal slowly, and when one begins to go away.
If the Acne leaves untreated, it leads to scar known as acne scars. Depending on its severity, acne can cause emotional distress and scars on the skin. However, the earlier you start treatment, the lower the risk of such problems.
Acne Scars vs. Acne Marks
To get the treatment of acne scars, there is a great need to learn to distinguish between acne scars and acne marks. Many people don’t even realize that pink or dark marks on the face are not Acne. The reason is, inflammation in the skin leaves a stain as a part of the natural healing process.
After that, it revs up to the production of skin pigment that creates the mark. This mark fades on its own within a few weeks.Unlike scars, these marks are smooth to touch and signify that there is no collagen to damage your skin surface.
On the other hand, acne scars form when there is damage to the skin surface, which may also lead to abnormal collagen production. It usually appears bumpy or raised. Focus on this point, two major types of acne scars are presently known as
- Raised Acne Scars
Depressed acne scars are pits or craters as well as raised scars are tender and firmer.
Symptoms of Acne Scars
Signs and symptoms of acne scars vary according to the severity of your condition. However, some of the common causes are
- Small red, tender bumps
- Large, solid, painful lumps on the surface
- Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface
Causes of Acne Scars
Human skin has pores that are responsible for connecting oil glands under the skin. Follicles of the skin connect the glands to the pores that are small sacs produce and secrete liquid.
Glands under the skin surface produce liquid serum called sebum. Sebum is responsible for carrying dead skin cells with the help of follicles to the skin’s surface. Pimples grow when these follicles are getting blocked, and oil builds up under the skin.
Moreover, sebum, skin cells, and hair clump together into a plug. The plug gets infected with some unwanted particles such as bacteria and swelling results. In this way, a pimple starts developing when the plug begins to break down.
According to recent studies, the severity and frequency of acne scars depending on the strain of bacteria. However, not all acne bacteria trigger pimples because some strain helps to keep the skin pimple-free.
Rase in androgen levels in known as one of the primary causes of acne scars. Androgen level gets high rise when adolescence begins. In women, it is converted into estrogen.
Moreover, rising androgen levels allow the oil glands under the skin to grow. In this way, the enlarged gland produces more sebum. When sebum level increases, excessive sebum breaks down the cellular walls in the pores that cause bacteria to grow.
Other Possible Factors
- Some medications
- Greasy cosmetics
- Hormonal changes
- Emotional stress
Types of Acne Scars
Acne scars are divided into two major categories, known as atrophic scars and hypertrophic scars. A loss of tissue causes atrophic scars, and an excess of tissue causes hypertrophic scars. Within these categories, there are more four types of acne scars.
Taking into consideration, and acne scars can be challenging to treat. Sometimes there is also a need for professional help if you want to see real improvement. Unfortunately, several products aren’t powerful enough to improve anything besides discoloration.
Ice Pick Scars
Ice pick scars looks deep and narrow scars that extends into the epidermis. The skin looks like that an ice pick or sharp instrument has pierced the skin. However, the ice pick scars also seem to make a small, thin, and deep hole into the skin. In many conditions, it may also look like a large, open pore.
How Ice Pick Scars Develop?
Ice pick scars develop after any infection from a cyst and other profound inflamed blemish works. In this way, the skin tissues are destroyed by leaving a long, column-like scar.
Boxcar scars are oval or oval depressions with steep vertical sides. These scars are more extensive than ice pick scars, and give the skin an uneven and pitted appearance.
How box scars develop
When any inflammatory breakout destroys that collagen of the skin, the tissue is lost. It allows the skin area to the left without any support by creating a depressed area. Boxcar scars are superficial to severe by depending on the amount of tissue lost.
Rolling scars cause wave-like depressions across otherwise normal-looking skin. This category of scars is very different from boxcar scars in such a way that they are not sharply defined. It also allows the skin to looks uneven and steep.
How Rolling Scars Develop
Rolling scars arise when fibrous bands of skin tissues develop between the skin and the subcutaneous tissues. These bands pull the skin surface and bind it to deeper structures of the skin. However, this pulling of the epidermis layer of the skin creates the rolling appearance of the skin.
Hypertrophic and Keloid Scars
Hypertrophic scars firm and raised scars that grow above the skin. Hypertrophic scars are most often found on the torso, in men. However, they can happen anywhere on the body. Keep in mind that hypertrophic scars are known as more common after a deep wound or trauma.
However, Keloid scars are a more severe type of raised scar. They are different from hypertrophic scars so that keloids grow more significant than the original wound. Along with this, they can also send out raised that expand much farther than the wound itself. Keloid scars continue to grow long after the original wound has healed.
How Hypertrophic Scars Sevelop
Hypertrophic scars don’t caused by a loss of tissue, as seen in ice pick and boxcar scars. These scars develop because of an overproduction of collagen. However, in the case of keloids, it seems that the skin doesn’t know that the wound has healed. The skin continues to produce collagen.
Discoloration left on your skin after a pimple is not an exact acne scar. However, but is incredibly common for the people suffering Acne.
Keep into consideration, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a flat area that may ranges in color from pink to red, red to purple, brown, or black, depending on the skin type.
How Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation Develops
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation develops when any wound and pimple causes skin inflammation. When the skin heals, it produces melanin in an excessive amount that leaves a dark area on the skin.
Prevention of Acne Scars
Firstly, it is essential to remind you; you can’t prevent acne scars completely. However, some preventive steps can minimize the chance of developing acne scars:
Treat Acne as soon as it develops
One of the best things you do is always get Acne under control as soon as possible. You have to treat it immediately and see the doctor immediately if your acne isn’t getting any better.
However, quick treatments also help to keep breakouts to prevents Acne from developing into a more severe form. If you want to control Acne, control your pimples first.
Large and inflamed acne blemishes are more likely to leave scars rather than non-inflamed breakouts and blackheads. Avoid doing anything that further irritates your skin. Don’t try aggressive scrubbing or harsh skin care products on the affected area.
Don’t squeeze or pick at pimples.
Try to pass up the temptation in order to pick or squeeze a pimple. It can force debris deeper into the epidermis, spreading an infection to other tissues. Along with this, it is especially true for real and severe blemishes such as nodules and cysts.
You need to remind yourself that popping pimples can extend the healing time. Moreover, it also increases the ups the chance of it leaving a permanent scar. Allow the blemishes to heal on its own.
Don’t pick at scabs
Picking at scabs must be avoided. A scab acts as the skin’s natural bandage responsible for protecting the wound as it heals. However, picking a scab before it is ready to prolong the healing process and increases the chances of scarring.
How do You Get Rid of Acne Scars Naturally?
Acne scars are the worst, and all agree on that. If you are suffering from the condition, want to get rid of acne scars, there is no need for worrying anymore because here are some natural ingredients that can help eliminate your dark spots and acne scars fast. Let’s have a look:
Acne scars can heal quickly when there are soothing and moisturizing properties present in the treatment. Aloe vera get known as one of the active ingredients for the treatment of acne scars. It also contains antioxidants that reduce swelling and redness.
Moreover, it’s natural astringent also removes excess oil and dead cells.It is fascinating to know that aloe vera gel is also great for sunburns, and it can even be ingested if appropriately diluted.
The greatest thing about aloe vera is, it doesn’t need measurements. Suppose you can easily find the plant. You have to scrape it off the leaf and lather the scar, cover it with plastic wrap. Although it might feel weird or sticky, your skin will thank you later.
Any oil can work if it’s rich in omega fatty acids for penetration and moisturization. Oil is also responsible for restoring your skin’s glow. Coconut oil is an excellent choice to get rid of acne scars if you make it a part of your daily regimen.
Just dab some coconut oil under your eyes, cheeks, or where you see acne scars. Here is also detailed description on How To Get Rid of Sunken Eyes. Wash your face in the morning to keep your face looking naturally fresh all day. You need to apply the coconut oil only in the area you want to treat.
Baking soda helps you a lot to balances your pH. It also acts as a natural exfoliator. Baking soda eliminates dead skin cells and also leaves you refreshed without any skin damage. Here are the Benefits of Baking Soda.
However, using two parts of water with one-part baking soda and scrubbing it on the affected area can help you get rid of acne scars.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is touted as an all-around natural ingredient for everything from cleaning solutions.
When it comes to treating, you can mix the vinegar with honey and leave it only for 10 minutes after applying it to an affected area. For best results, apply this mixture three times a day for the best results.
If you don’t mind a little sting, onion extract is one of the most excellent options. Onion contains bioflavonoids such as cephalin and kaempferol that significantly reduce acne scars’ appearance after only a few weeks, with daily use.
Moreover, onion extract is also best for fighting Acne as well as it also reduces inflammation, redness, and soreness.
Do acne holes go away?
Keep into consideration; not all Acne disappears completely. Some types of acne scars need regular medical treatments and home remedies.
How long does it take to get rid of acne scars?
Acne scars usually take six months or more to fade on their own with any treatment.
Can scrubbing remove acne scars?
As described earlier, acne scars are of different types, can be profound, and may not be cured by using products.
Using scrubs is not helpful if you have deep acne scars such as ice picks, boxcar, rolling, and keloid scars. Medical treatment or other cosmetic treatment helps you.